The state emblem of Turkmenistan
The state emblem and flag are based on national traditions and steer clear of political symbols. The number of stars represent the five velayats – Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuz, Lebap, and Mary. The crescent signifies the hopes of Turkmens for a bright future.
The green colour has been traditionally revered by Turkmens, as has red, while carpet patterns are a symbol of Turkmen traditional political, social, cultural and religious views. An Akhalteke horse is the pride of Turkmens, while a wheat ear alludes to the custom of greeting guests with bread and salt.
National Flag of Turkmenistan is a straight green with a vertical red stripe on the left, at the flagstaff, comprising five basic carpet patterns in the vertical order. The green background has a crescent and five five pointed white stars in the upper left corner. Each star represents a Turkmen velayat (region) – Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuz, Lebap and Mary. The capital Ashgabat is in the Ahal velayat.
Standard of The President of Turkmenistan